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C O F F E E P R O F I L E
Peru is the largest exporter of organic Arabica coffee globally. With extremely high altitudes and fertile soils, the country’s smallholder farmers also produce some stunning specialty coffees. The warm days and cool nights from their farms' locations at 1,200 to 1,600 meters above sea level, creates ideal conditions for growing dense, sweet beans.
Though coffee arrived in Peru in the 1700s, very little coffee was exported until the late 1800s. Until that point, most coffee produced in Peru was consumed locally. When coffee leaf rust hit Indonesia in the late 1800s, a country central to European coffee imports at the time, Europeans began searching elsewhere for their fix. Peru was a perfect option.
Between the late 1800s and the first World War, European interests invested significant resources into coffee production in Peru. However, with the advent of the two World Wars, England and other European powers became weakened and took a less colonialist perspective. When the British and other European land owners left, their land was purchased by the government and redistributed to locals. The Peruvian government repurchased the 2 million hectares previously granted to England and distributed the lands to thousands of local farmers. Many of these farmers later grew coffee on the lands they received.
Today, Peruvian coffee growers are overwhelmingly small scale. Farmers in Peru usually process their coffee on their own farms. Most coffee is Fully washed. Cherry is usually pulped, fermented and dried in the sun on raised beds or drying sheds. Drying greenhouses and parabolic beds are becoming more common as farmers pivot towards specialty markets.
COFFEE GRADE: Organic Grade 1
VARIETAL: Bourbon, Catimor, Caturra, Pache, Typica
PROCESSING: Fully washed
ALTITUDE: 1,200 to 1,600masl
OWNER: Smallholder farmers in Peru
FARM SIZE: <1 hectare
HARVEST MONTHS: March - September
Cupping Notes: Clean and juicy citrus acidity. A lovely light and elegant body. Flavours of caramel, brown sugar, orange marmalade and delicate honey like floral aromas.